ADVERBS AND ADVERBIAL EXPRESSIONS

ADVERBS AND ADVERBIAL EXPRESSIONS

DE MODO

COMO ALGUIEN HACE ALGO/EXPRESAN LA MANERA DE CÓMO DE DESARROLLA LA ACCION

ALOUD,BADLY, CALMY, CAREFULLY, EASILY, FAST, HOW, QUICKLY, QUIETLY, SIMPLY, TOGETHER,VERY WELL,-

He drives very badly.-

 

Normalmente van despues del verbo

 

DE  FRECUENCIA

CUANTAS VECES SUCEDE ALGO

OFTEN, NEVER, ALWAYS, SOMETIMES, SELDOM/RARELY, EVER, –I never drink alcohol

We usually go to bed at midnight.

He’s always late.-

 

Ponemos antes del verbo principal,pero  despues del vebo To be

 

 

DE TIEMPO

CUANDO SUCEDE ALGO/CUANDO SE REALIZA LA ACCION-

AFTER, AFTERWARDS, AGAIN,, ANYMORE, ANY LONGER, AT FIRST,AT LAST, BEFORE,EARLY, EVERYDAY-

I think he’ll be here soon.

Last night I had dinner with a friend.

 

Pueden ir al principio de la frase para dar énfasis

 

 

DE GRADO

INDICA EL GRADO DE INTENSIDAD CON QUE ES HECHA UNA ACCION

ALMOST,AWFULLY, COMPLETELY, DEEPLY, ENOUGH, EXTREMELY, FAIRLY, GREATLY, NEARLY, ONLY, PERFECTLY, RATHER ,SO, TERRIBLY, VERY, VERY MUCH –

He drinks a lot.

I’ve almost finished.

 

A bit,little,much, y a lot van

despues del verbo o expresion.

 

Todos los demas van

antes  del verbo principal

 

 

PARA HACER COMENTARIOS ACERCA DE UNA SITUACION:

 

FRASES ADVERBIALESIdeally we ought to leave at 10:00.

The car broke down, unfortunately.-es mas enfático

Al principio

 

OTROS ADVERBIOS

 

I only have one sister.

They’ve just arrived.

La mayoria de los adverbios van antes del verbo principal

 

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ADJECTIVES AND PREPOSITIONS

Adjective        Prep.               Translation                          Sentence

 

Aware              Of                    Ser consciente de                  She was not aware of the problem

Good               Of /for / with     Bueno para , con    She was very  good of him. /whisky is very good  heart./ she’s very goood with children 

Experienced     At                    Experimentado en                  He’s experienced at bungee jumping

Responsible      For             Responsable de una accion          Who is responsible for this?

Liable               For / to             Responsable de un daño/tener tendencia        Tobacco is liable for damage in my lungs. / my car is liable to overheat

Commensurate    With              Estar de acuerdo                   My mark is not commensurate with my exam

Capable           Of                    Capaz de                               He’s not capable of driving my car

Incompatible     With                 Incompatible                          My tie is  incompatible with my shirt

Adept               At                    Habil                                     He is adept at cooking

Lacking            In                     Falto                                     I was totally lacking  in energy

Typical             Of                    Tipico,caracteristico               This conduct isn’t typical of you!

Applicable        To                    Aplicable                               This law is not applicable to me

Qualified           In / to               Cualificado                            He’s very qualified in aeronautics / I’m not qualified to teach English

Involved           In / whith          Involucrado/implicado            We were involved in an accident / he is involved with another woman

Adequate         To / for             Adecuado /apropiado            There isn’t adequate solution to the problem

Eligible             For                   Tener derecho a                    We are eligible for a tax rebate

Expert              In / on              Experto                                 He’s an expert in wines / she’s an expert on Maths

Worthy             Of                    Merecedor                            His thesis was worthy of a special mention

Sensitive           To                    Sensible                                 He’s very sensitive to the cold

CONNECTORS

BECAUSE OF

A CAUSA DE

IN SPITE OF DESPITE

A PESAR DE

CURRENTLY

ACTUALMENTE

ACTUALLY

ACTUALMENTE / DE HECHO

SO

ASI QUE

ALTHOUGH

AUNQUE

ENOUGH PRETTY

BASTANTE BONITO

NEARLY

CERCA

I BELIEVE

CREO

DUE TO

DEBIDO A

AFTER ALL

DESPUES DE TODO

AT THE MOMENT

EN ESTE MOMENTO

IN MY OPINION

EN OPINION MIA

SPECIALLY

ESPECIALMENTE

IT IS CLEAR TO ME THAT

ESTA CLARO PARA MI QUE…

I’M IN FAVOUR  OF

ESTOY A FAVOR DE…

I AGREE WITH

ESTOY DE ACUERDO CON

I’M AGAINST

ESTOY EN CONTRA

OBVIOUSLY

EVIDENTEMENTE

EVENTUALLY

FINALMENTE

EVEN

INCLUSO

MOREOVER

LO QUE ES MAS

MEANWHILE

MIENTRAS TANTO

I DISAGREE WITH

NO ESTOY DE ACUERDO CON

BUT

PERO

THEREFORE

POR CONSIGUIENTE

CONSEQUENTLY

POR CONSIGUIENTE

FOR EXAMPLE /FOR INSTANCE

POR EJEMPLO

AT LEAST

POR LO MENOS

ON THE OTHER HAND

POR OTRO LADO

OF COURSE

POR SUPUESTO

FINALLY

POR ULTIMO

BECAUSE

PORQUE

AS I SEE IT

SEGÚN YO LO VEO

HOWEVER

SIN EMBARGO

ONLY

SOLO

ALSO AS WELL

TAMBIEN

EITHER

TAMPOCO

A.           IN MY OPINION…. (Opinion)

            THE FACT THAT…. ( Se expone el tópico

            IT’S CLEAR TO ME

 

B.           I BELIEVE THAT….(Se respalda la opinion)

            AS I SEE IT….(Ejemplos,hechos,datos)

            I STRONGLY FEEL….( Se aporta una nueva idea)

 

C.          IN ADDITION…. (Campañas, tv,prensa,informacion…)

 

D.          IN CONCLUSSION…..(Se ofrece una solucion)

 

PHRASAL VERBS

PHRASAL VERBS

 

Back up

Respaldar

BE OVER

acabar

BREAK DOWN

romper

BREAK UP

romper sentimentalmente

BRING IN

METER

BRING UP

CRIAR A ALGUIEN

BROKE INTO

IRRUMPÌR

Bump into

Encontrarse con

BURST INTO

IRRUMPIR EN

Call off

Cancelar

Carry out

Llevar a cabo

CARRY OUT

INVESTIGAR

CATCH  ON

COGER

CATCH OUT

COGER EN UNA FALTA

CLEAR UP

RECOGER,LIMPIAR

Cut down

Reducir

FALL OVER

HE FELL OVER AND BROKE HIS LEG

FED UP

ESTAR HARTO/ALIMENTAR

FED UP

ALIMENTAR

FED UP

ESTAR HARTO

FEEL LIKE

APETECER

FELT OFF

CAERSE

FILL IN    

RELLENAR IMP.

FIND OUT

DESCUBRIR

FIND OUT

ENTERARSE DE ALGO

FOUND OUT

DESCUBRIR

Frown on

Desaprobar

GET  AWAY WITH

SALIRSE CON LA SUYA

Get across

Hacer entender

GET BACK

VOLVER

GET IN

SUBIR (CAR)

GET IN

SUBIR EN UN COCHE

GET ON (WELL)

LLEVARSE (BIEN)

GET ON WITH

LLEVARSE BIEN CON

GET OUT

BAJAR (CAR)

GET OUT

SALIR DE UN COCHE

GET OVER

PASAR POR ENCIMA

GET OVER

RECUPERARSE

GET UP

SHE GETS UP AT 7 EVERY MORNING

GET UP     

LEVANTARSE

GIVE  AWAY

DAR

GIVE BACK

GIVE ME BACK MY BALL

GIVE UP

DEJAR DEFINITIVAMENTE

GIVE UP

IRSE

GIVE UP

DEJAR

GO BACK

REGRESAR

GO DOWN

BAJAR

GO IN     

ENTRAR

GO ON

SEGUIR

GO OUT

WE WENT OUT LAST NIGHT

GO OUT    

SALIR

GO OUT WITH

SALIR CON

GO TO OUT

SALIR FUERA

GO UP

SUBIR /AUMENTAR

GO UP

PRICES ARE GOING UP

GOING THROUGH

REVISANDO

HANG ON

RESISTIR

HANG ON

ESPERAR

HARRY UP

DARSE PRISA

HELD UP

ESTAR ATRAPADO

HELD UP

QUEDAR ATRAPADO

HOLD ON

PLEASE HOLD ON A MOMENT

IT’S OFF

ESTA ESTROPEADO

Knock down

Atropellar

KNOCK ON

LLAMAR

Leaf through

Hojear

LIE DOWN

TUMBARSE /HECHARSE

Live on

Vivir de

Live up to

Estar a la altura

LOOK AFTER

CUIDAR

LOOK AT

MIRA!

Look down on

Despreciar

LOOK FOR

BUSCAR ALGO

LOOK FORWARD

TENER GANAS

LOOK OUT !

CUIDADO!

LOOK UP

BUSCAR INFORMACION

MADE UP

INVENTADO

Make out

Distinguir

MAKE UP

INVENTARSE

MAKE UP

DECIDIR

PAY BACK

DEVOLVER DINERO

Pick out

seleccionar

Pick up

Recoger

PUT AWAY

GUARDAR ALGO

Put off

posponer

PUT OFF   

APLAZAR

PUT OFF

QUITAR LAS GANAS

PUT ON

PONERSE ROPA

Put out

APAGAR

PUT UP

SOPORTAR

PUTT OFF

POSPONER

Rely on

Confiar en

RING UP

TELEFONEAR

Rip off

Timar

RUN OUT OF

TERMINAR / ACABAR

RUN OVER

HE WAS RUN OVER BY A BUS

Run up

acumular

RUSH IN

ENTRAR CORRIENDO

SEE OFF

DESPEDIR

SET OFF

PONERSE EN CAMINO

Set off

Encender

Set off

Salir

SET OFF

PARTIR A…

Set up

Montar un negocio

SET UP

FUNDADA

Sort out

SOLUCIONAR

STAND DOWN

AGACHARSE

Stand out

Destacar

STAND UP

PONERSE DE PIE

SWITCH OFF

DESENCHUFAR

SWITCH ON

ENCHUFAR

TAKE  OFF

QUITARSE ROPA

TAKE AFTER

PARECERSE A

TAKE AWAY

RETIRAR

TAKE BACK

I’M GOING TO TAKE THIS SWEATE BACK

TAKE BACK

DEVOLVER ALGO

TAKE CARE

TENER CUIDADO

TAKE OFF

DESVESTIRSE

Take on

Coger un empleo

TAKE OUT

SACAR

TAKE OVER

ABSORBIDA

Take up

Llevar / ocupar

TAKE UP

PRACTICAR

Talk Sb into

Convencer a alguien

THROW AWAY

HE THROW  THE SHOES AWAY

THROW INTO

IRRUMPIR

Tie up

Atar

TO BE AWAY

ESTA FUERA

TO BE IN

ESTA EN

TO BE OFF

SALIR

Track down

Localizar

TRY ON

PROBARSE ALGO

TRY OUT

ENSAYAR, PROBAR

TURN DOWN

BAJAR EL VOLUMEN

TURN OFF

APAGAR

TURN ON

ENCENDER

Turn up

Aparecer

TURN UP

SUBIR EL VOLUMEN

TURNED INTO

VOLVERSE EN

WAKE UP

I WAKE UP AT 8 EVERY MORNING

WASH UP

I’LL COOK IF YOU WASH UP

WORK OUT

CALCULAR

WORK OUT

ENTENDER

WORK OUT

CALCULAR

 

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